Prostatitis is one of the most common diseases of the male genital area. Symptoms of prostatitis in men and its treatment cannot be defined and prescribed independently.
If a man has the first signs of prostatitis, he should immediately consult a doctor. Even a mild disease, which indicates the development of a disease of the genitourinary system, can have serious complications.
The shape of the prostate resembles a chestnut. The transverse length of the prostate in men is 4 cm, longitudinal - 3 cm, thickness - 2 cm. The organ consists of glandular tissue. In the upper part it is connected to the bladder, and the seminal ducts leave from the lower part.
The prostate or prostate gland performs a very important function: it produces seminal fluid, which mixes with spermatozoa and forms semen. The organ acts as a valve during erection, which prevents the flow of urine during sexual intercourse.
Due to the content of immunoglobulins A and B in the prostate, as well as lysozyme (an antibacterial enzyme), the infection cannot penetrate the upper urinary tract.
The functional ability of the testicles depends on the prostate, therefore, with diseases of this organ, the male's sexual strength weakens and sperm production is disrupted, which can lead to infertility.
Why men develop prostatitis
Prostatitis is a common disease in men. People who live in cold regions with high humidity are more susceptible to it. Prostatitis appears as a result of hypothermia of the body, because the cold is a predisposing factor for stagnation of fluid secretion and this leads to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.
Prostatitis develops after 30 years. With weak immunity, he can take a chronic course without pronounced symptoms, so the man does not notice the signs of the disease and does not go to the doctor, but lives with this disease for many years. Make an appointment with a doctor only after a sharp deterioration in health. This happens at the age of 45-50, when a man is diagnosed with prostate adenoma and the treatment becomes more complicated.
The disease is a benign tumor of the prostate, which worsens a man's quality of life, gradually making intimacy impossible. Adenoma treatment is only surgical. After its removal, the problem disappears, but in the period after the operation, it is necessary to strictly follow the doctor's prescriptions, in which case the rehabilitation process will be painless, and the person will return to full life. It is necessary to be careful, avoid hypothermia, and the symptoms of prostatitis will not return.
What are the symptoms of prostatitis?
Prostatitis does not appear immediately, developing gradually in the body. Symptoms of the disease in men are manifested by pain in the lower abdomen, suprapubic area and perineum.
These sensations intensify after intercourse. Urination becomes interrupted, painful and there may be a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder. The pathological condition is especially manifested at night, there are painful false urges to go to the toilet. The pain also occurs during ejaculation. Sexual intercourse becomes painful.
Prostatitis has an acute and chronic course. During the acute phase, the symptoms of the disease worsen, the patient's health deteriorates significantly. The first signs of prostatitis in men in the acute phase of the course are as follows:
- the temperature rises;
- there is weakness and pain in the body;
- chills occur.
Studies are done, laboratory tests are taken, urine, semen and blood are examined. In acute bacterial prostatitis, the indicators will be clearly expressed. In the chronic course of the disease in men, increased irritability, anxiety, nervousness, etc. are more pronounced. To correctly diagnose the disease, an examination is necessary.
Bacterial prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland that drastically reduces the patient's quality of life and can cause irreversible consequences in the male genital organs.
Prostatitis can be infectious or congestive (non-infectious). Infectious prostatitis occurs when an infection enters the prostate tissue. Germs, viruses, fungi and bacteria can penetrate through the genital tract. The disease can develop as a result of chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis or kidney diseases.
Conditionally pathogenic microorganisms live in the human body, which can be activated when the immune system is weakened or during hypothermia. These are Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enterococci, etc. Penetrating the prostate, they cause an acute inflammatory process.
Non-infectious or congestive prostatitis is formed due to blood circulation disorders in the pelvis. The cause can be a sedentary lifestyle, pelvic injuries, hormonal disorders, prolonged sexual abstinence or an overly active sex life. The prostate is negatively affected by smoking and alcohol.
How to treat prostatitis
With prostatitis of an infectious nature, antibiotic therapy is used. After identifying the type of pathogen, an appropriate combination of antibiotics is prescribed, after which health improves in a short time.
Preparations are selected only after laboratory analysis and detection of the type of pathogen.
If the disease is of a bacterial nature, in which living microorganisms are present, then without individually selected antibiotics, the treatment will be ineffective.
With prostatitis, choosing the right drug is very important. There are substances that cannot penetrate the prostate tissue and treatment with them will be useless. And there are a number of antibiotics that have a weak effect. Only a doctor can choose treatment tactics.
In the acute form of prostatitis, non-steroidal drugs are prescribed.
In the acute phase of the disease, a powerful dose of an antibiotic may be needed, when, with mild symptoms of the disease, a milder drug can be used.
In the chronic phase of the disease, alpha-blockers are prescribed. The patient may be prescribed diuretics.
In the presence of infectious flora, it can penetrate the bladder, which will cause the development of acute cystitis. Your doctor may prescribe diuretics and a drinking regimen to actively empty your bladder.
With prostatitis, the prostate gland is swollen, and to relieve swelling, a man is prescribed antiandrogens. These drugs temporarily reduce secretions and block blood circulation. A cold enema may be prescribed. They help relieve prostate swelling, inflammation and reduce blood flow. Many doctors hesitate to use cold when treated with antibiotics, because they find that, together with the delay of blood flow, the drugs do not reach the prostate tissue and there is no proper treatment.
If there is no clinical response to antibiotics after the course of treatment, then this should serve as a reason to suspect a prostate abscess. To eliminate such a pathology, surgical intervention must be applied, otherwise the consequences can be unpredictable.
Prostate massage is often prescribed to prostate patients, which is performed through the anus. But in the acute stage of the disease, when inflammation is present, there is swelling of the gland and the infection progresses, massage is categorically contraindicated, as bacteria can easily spread in the urine and blood, which can cause sepsis, which has serious consequencesuntil. Till death.
Biopsy for severe prostate is not performed. The data obtained on the basis of blood, urine, smear and ultrasound tests are sufficient to establish the correct diagnosis and the selection of drugs for the treatment and mitigation of the patient's condition.
If there are signs and symptoms of prostatitis, it is urgent to contact a urologist or andrologist. He will choose which drugs are suitable for the patient in order to effectively treat the pathology. In no case should you self-medicate.