The most common pathology of the genitourinary system in men is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland. According to statistics, prostatitis is diagnosed in every 10 patients of adulthood. Without adequate treatment, the disease progresses rapidly, leading to serious complications and affecting a man's sex life.
Symptoms of the disease
Any disease is easier to treat when it is diagnosed at an early stage. Prostatitis develops both in acute and in a complicated form - chronic, which occurs in the case of neglected inflammation of the prostate. The symptoms and treatment of the disease vary and depend on its stage and type. In the acute course of pathology, a man experiences:
- Difficulty urinating. One of the first signs is problems with the passage of urine due to narrowing of the ureter. In the early stages, the prostate begins to increase in size and slightly compresses the ducts.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, which is most often bothered after exercise or at the end of the day. Pain in sensation and intensity are different: they can be traction, cuts, pain. They then spread through the scrotum and penis and enter the rectum during defecation. The disease provokes the appearance of constipation, which only increases the inflammatory process in the prostate gland.
- Frequent urination. A man who has not previously woken up to empty his bladder can go to the toilet 1-2 times a night at the onset of the disease. As the prostate progresses to another form, the urge to urinate decreases. Gives the impression of bladder overcrowding, and after going to the toilet - incomplete emptying.
- Visual change in urine. Already in the early stages of development of pathology in the urine, pus or blood impurities can be detected.
- Occurrence of sexual dysfunction. Men experience erection problems and severe pain during ejaculation.
- Prolonged increase in body temperature in the region of 39 degrees, which is accompanied by chills, weakness and body aches.
Most of the symptoms of the disease are clearly manifested. The task of men is to carefully monitor the condition of their body and its changes, not to miss the first signs and not to allow the pathology to develop into a chronic stage.
The first manifestations of inflammation of the prostate gland in representatives of the stronger sex in a neglected form are almost the same as in the acute stage of the disease. But they are accompanied by symptoms such as:
- Decreased sexual desire, disappearance of erection during sexual intercourse, detection of blood in semen.
- Frequent desire to urinate, bloating, white flakes in the urine. During an exacerbation, a man may be completely deprived of the ability to empty the bladder, as the inflamed prostate blocks the passage of urine into the urethra.
- Depression, insomnia or drowsiness. Men suffering from a disease like prostatitis often experience periods of anger or aggression associated with a psycho-emotional disorder.
To avoid mistakes in establishing the correct diagnosis, it makes sense to be examined by several doctors and in different institutions. The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis, like any other disease of the genitourinary system, is not an issue that should be delayed or spared for health.
Reasons for development
It is almost impossible to determine the root cause of the pathology. At the same time, there are so few provocative factors, each of them is very serious, especially considering the male habit of neglecting health. Main reasons:
- Overload formation in the pelvic region. They are characterized by slow blood circulation, in which tissue nutrition deteriorates, edema appears and capillary function is impaired.
- Hypothermia. After freezing once again, men themselves provoke the development of inflammation of the prostate gland.
- A sedentary lifestyle, in which representatives of the stronger sex sit for hours in one position. No less harmful factor is the work associated with vibration (tractor operators, drivers). With constant vibration, the perineum is damaged, and the organs in the pelvic region are weakened, which creates additional conditions for the onset of inflammation.
- Transmitted venereal diseases. Sexually transmitted infections can not bypass the prostate. Even after treatment, immunity decreases and the prostate gland becomes vulnerable.
- Stool retention. Constipation creates increased stress when emptying the rectum, traumatizing the prostate. Furthermore, stagnation intensifies and reverse absorption of toxins occurs, including in the prostate gland located nearby.
- Extremes in intimate life. Absence and excess of sex equally negatively affect reproductive health. With excessive activity, the prostate gets tired, and abstinence increases stagnation in it.
- Termination of sexual intercourse. As a method of contraception, it is known to be ineffective and detrimental to men's health. Attempts to control a physiological process that is already underway are very harmful.
- Alcohol abuse, malnutrition. These two factors lead to prostate swelling and the appearance of malignant neoplasms.
- Urological diseases. Due to the close anatomical connection with the reproductive system, inflammatory processes in the urinary system can penetrate slightly below and affect the prostate.
Identifying the causes that contributed to the development of inflammation, the urologist individually selects treatment, excluding negative factors.
Therapy of prostate gland inflammation should be comprehensive. After diagnosing the disease, the doctor, as a rule, prescribes an individual treatment regimen. To achieve a positive effect, the patient needs at least 4-6 months. Many different methods of treatment are used today, including drug therapy, the use of physiotherapy procedures, and massage. In official medicine, these methods are recognized as the most effective and safest for the health of the stronger sex.
Qualified psychotherapy is considered an equally important measure, as the constant painful sensations and problems that have arisen in intimate life negatively affect not only the overall well-being of the patient, but also his psychological state.
Surgical treatment is indicated in cases where medical measures have not led to the result or the prostate gland blocks the outflow of urine. Surgery can lead to infertility, so it is not recommended for young people.
Antibacterial therapy is performed with infectious prostatitis. When the cause of the pathology is not bacteria or viruses, treatment with antibiotics is considered meaningless. Alpha-blockers are used to relax the prostate muscles, improve urine flow, and relieve pain in the perineal region.
Muscle relaxants will help reduce pain and eliminate muscle tension in the pelvic region. Severely ill patients are prescribed diuretic drops, which contribute to the abundant release of urine and prevent further intoxication of the body.
The course of treatment should be completed by the end, even if the symptoms of the disease have completely disappeared. Signs of prostatitis often disappear at the beginning of antibiotic therapy, but when treatment is stopped, they become chronic.
Non-bacterial prostatitis requires a different treatment regimen. It consists of taking analgesics and antipyretics.
Simultaneously with the main treatment, the urologist prescribes supportive therapy, which includes bed rest, copious drinking of water and sitz bath. Patients should follow a diet that limits alcohol, caffeine, fatty and spicy foods.
For chronic inflammation of the prostate gland, the most effective remedy is regular prostate massage, which reduces the likelihood of re-inflammation. The course of treatment consists of 10 sessions. One contraindication to the procedures is rectal cancer and worsening prostate.
Physiotherapy is used not only as treatment but also for prevention purposes. Improves blood circulation, increases muscle tone, accelerates tissue regeneration and increases cell permeability. The use of this method is prohibited for high blood pressure, fever, epilepsy, cancer, urolithiasis, anemia, diseases of the kidneys and cardiovascular system.
The use of rectal suppositories reduces the negative impact on the functioning of internal organs. Suppositories may contain antibiotics, herbs, antispasmodics. They eliminate swelling, relieve inflammation and restore urination.
Pathology therapy at home using alternative medicine prescriptions is effective only at an early stage. There are many ways to eliminate the main symptoms of inflammation:
- Fried pumpkin seeds (500 g) are twisted in a meat grinder, then honey (200 g) is added and mixed thoroughly. From the pumpkin-honey mixture, balls no larger than a walnut are made. They are distributed half an hour before each meal, 1 piece for 2-3 minutes. The product is stored in the refrigerator. Pumpkin seeds contain a large amount of zinc, which is necessary for maintaining the normal functioning of the genitourinary system.
- The crushed and dried aspen bark (100 g) is placed in a half-liter jar and poured with vodka (200 g). The container is closed well, left to enter in a dark place. After two weeks, the solution is filtered and drunk 20 drops, diluted in a quarter cup of water, 3 times daily before meals.
- Honey (1 tablespoon), eggs (1 tablespoon) are mixed with rye flour (3 tablespoons), from the dough are made thin suppositories, the diameter of which should not be more than 1 cm. Candles are stored in the refrigerator. In the morning and evening they are inserted into the anus after emptying the rectum. The course of treatment is about 4 weeks, then take a break and repeat the therapy.
- Small onions (3 pieces) rub on a fine grater, pour boiling water (3 tablespoons) and insist for a day. The decoction is taken in 50 ml every hour.
- Pine branches (200 g) together with boiling water (2 l) are boiled on low heat for 2-3 hours. After boiling, the boil is turned into an extract. Prepare such a concentrate immediately before taking a warm bath. The water level should not be higher than the middle of the chest. The pelvic area is rubbed with the medicine for 15 minutes until redness appears. Therapy is performed daily for 2 weeks. Baths have antimicrobial effect, anesthetize and improve urination.
No matter how good the effect of folk remedies is, it is difficult for them to compete with the achievements of pharmacology. The most correct and effective solution would be an integrated approach to treating prostatitis.